Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2018, Page: 68-77
Transactive Approach: Explaining Dynamics of Ethnicity and Inter Ethnic Conflicts in Post 1991 Ethiopia
Dagnachew Ayenew Yeshiwas, Department of Peace and Development studies, School of Governance, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Received: Oct. 4, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 22, 2018;       Published: Nov. 12, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijecs.20180304.11      View  146      Downloads  29
Abstract
Indeed, Ethiopia is a heterogeneous state. And the successive regimes have implemented their respective strategies towards diversity that left its own good and bad legacies. Since 1991, the state has unprecedentedly experimented ethnic federalism as a means to accommodate ethnic diversity. Therefore, this study has explained dynamics of ethnicity and ethnic relations since the inception of ethnic federalism. The paper employs qualitative research design and draws heavily on secondary sources, including books, journals, researches and reports of various institutions. Nevertheless, the data collected through in depth interview, observation, social media discourses is also consulted and analysed thematically. Theoretically, transactive approach as alternative explanation to ethnicity and ethnic conflicts in Ethiopia is discussed as part of the analysis in various sections. The paper demonstrates that in Ethiopia; ethnicity is neither blindly primordial nor completely manipulable. It is thus, a matter of categorical ascription and social organization in terms of culture and history, similarity and difference. Ethnic conflict is not also merely out of primordial differences or mobilization by ethnic entrepreneurs. But it is the result of feelings and sentiments in which members of a particular group develop as they interact and compare their positions with other ethnic groups. In doing this, the finding of this study bridges the extreme schools of thought in ethnicity: primordialism and instrumentalism.
Keywords
Ethnicity, Ethnic Conflict, Ethnic Federalism, Transactive, Primordial, Instrumental
To cite this article
Dagnachew Ayenew Yeshiwas, Transactive Approach: Explaining Dynamics of Ethnicity and Inter Ethnic Conflicts in Post 1991 Ethiopia, International Journal of Education, Culture and Society. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2018, pp. 68-77. doi: 10.11648/j.ijecs.20180304.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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